Establish the true cause of the disease is not always possible. Years a person may complain of abdominal pain, but no abnormalities in the analyzes it can not be detected. “All the indicators are normal – you are perfectly healthy,” – doctors say it, throwing up his hands helplessly. And there is already fit to recall the mysteries of psychosomatic medicine – the theory linking the diseases of the body with our emotional state.
1.What is psychosomatic?
“Psychosomatic” in Greek – “psycho” (soul) and “soma, somatos” (body). This medical term appeared in 1818 with the light hand of the German psychiatrist Johannes Haynrota, who first spoke of the fact that any negative emotion, stuck in human memory or frequently repeated in the life of the patient, not only poisons the soul but also undermines their physical health. However, Johann Haynrot was unoriginal. Long before his birth, these same ideas voiced by Greek filosofPlaton, who considered the body and soul are inseparable. We adhere to the same principles and the authors of Ayurveda and Oriental medicine doctors.
After Haynrota supported the idea of psychosomatic two famous psychiatrist – Sigmund Freud and Franz Alexander, who believed that the unspoken, the repressed, driven deep into the emotions will sooner or later find a way in the body, causing incurable diseases.
2.Diseases and emotions
Following Freud and Alexander, the study of psychosomatic theory and modern experts do. It turned out that people suffering from the same disease, have similar traits, temperament, psycho-emotional reactions to certain events. Thus, many observations of the cancer patients showed that a diagnosis is often those who are not able to express emotions, he suppresses his anger, experiencing bouts of despair, which alternates with feeling a sense of inner emptiness and loneliness.
An entirely different picture is obtained if we generalize people suffering from back pain. Typically, this problem haunts those who have a victim complex, has taken on all the problems at home, trying to please others. Excessive concern for loved ones forcing such people to neglect their own interests, causing them to internal conflict and smoldering discontent of its role and position in society. Patients with problems in the gastrointestinal tract is usually too demanding to themselves and others. They can not be reconciled with the imperfection of the world and not be able to love yourself. They find it difficult to “digest” another failure, to accept a new disappointment. As a result of all these emotions pour out at the physical level in gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer.
At the heart of the psychosomatic theory are five basic emotions:
The first three have a negative effect on the body, triggering the mechanism of “compression” (remember how compressed the heart, when we experience fear, breaks, when we are angry; Kalachik folds into the body when we are in sorrow). But the emotion of joy and interest – expands (the body becomes light, weightless, winged, man soars above circumstances, grows, develops, creates). But the important thing is not even that, and what to avoid negative emotions, we can not. No matter how hard to suppress his anger, drown out the fear, sadness, or anxiety – they still break out. And that’s fine, because of the anger – it is, in fact, a powerful emotion, forcing people to decide something, to express all that pent up, burn bridges, and finally take some important decision. Fear runs a script self-preservation, sadness sob allows their grief, have gone through much suffering, makes it possible to analyze the situation, take it apart to pieces and take a fresh look at the world.
Adherents of psychosomatic theory warns – dangerous not so much negative emotions as their unsayable. Muffled, anger podvalenny offense proceeds, and it destroys our body like a cancer. But why only anger, every emotion, stuck in our minds and has not found exit provokes an internal conflict, as it creates illness. Scientists estimate that 32-40% of cases the cause of physical illnesses are not viruses and bacteria, as they think, and the stress, trauma and internal conflicts.
4.Temperament and disease
Unlike Freud, who believed that the basis of specific diseases are specific emotions, Franz Alexander was convinced that the same emotional stress in people with different temperaments cause different reactions. So, if it is a quick-tempered, easily excitable personality, the repressed anger trigger the flash in her blood pressure. A man-shy, impressionable with an inferiority complex would react to the same situation ulcerative colitis.