Polymyalgia Rheumatica Disease


Being an inflammatory condition, Polymyalgia Rheumatic (PMR) affects adults by causing throbbing, stiffness, and flu-like symptoms. The disease commonly affects females, and Caucasians are more affected than others. This condition mostly affects people from 70 years of age and is usually rare in people younger than 50 years. Polymyalgia Rheumatica is a self-limiting condition, which lasts between one to five years. On the other hand, Polymyalgia develops to a probable dangerous illness known as cell arteritis.

Causes of Polymyalgia Rheumatica

The actual cause of the Polymyalgia Rheumatica is unknown, but it’s thought to be an autoimmune disease whereby the body’s immune system attacks the connective tissues. Factors such as genetics and environment are believed to play a vital role. Since the disease is rare in people younger than 50 years; it’s thought that the causes are linked to the aging process.

Symptoms of Polymyalgia Rheumatica

Polymyalgia Rheumatica symptoms originate from the swelling of the joints and the surrounding tissues. Stiffness is usually severe in the morning hours and during long periods of idleness. Occasionally, the pain and stiffness can result in the lack of use of some body parts, which possibly will result in weakness. Most of the affected people with Polymyalgia Rheumatica experience pain and stiffness in more than one of the following areas; buttocks, hips areas, neck, thighs, and upper arms and shoulders.

Other minor symptoms of Polymyalgia Rheumatica include fatigue, fever, weight loss, and poor appetite. Signs of the severe conditions of Polymyalgia Rheumatica are headaches (especially on the side of the head), scalp tenderness, vision changes, and jaw pain when eating. Polymyalgia Rheumatic patients can buy steroids and use them to stifle overactive immune reactions and lessen swelling.

Diagnosis of Polymyalgia Rheumatica

Polymyalgia Rheumatica is usually hard to diagnose, but the doctor will often ask questions concerning symptoms, health history of the patient, and carry out a physical checkup. Blood tests are carried out to check the level of inflammation and to determine the conditions that cause the symptoms related to PMR, for example- Rheumatoid stiffness and lupus. Some of the blood tests carried out include anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP), antinuclear antibody, complete blood count, C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and lastly, the rheumatoid factor.

Treatment for Polymyalgia Rheumatica

The treatment of Polymyalgia Rheumatica focuses on reducing pain and swelling, thereby relieving stiffness, achiness, fatigue, and fever. Treatment involves the administration of anti-inflammatory drugs and workout. For instance, Corticosteroids are anti-inflammatory drugs that help lessen swelling, ease stiffness, and pain. PMR dosage is usually low, and symptoms respond fast to the treatment, resulting in lowering of the dosage further with an improvement of the symptoms.

Treating mild Polymyalgia Rheumatica involves therapy with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen to relieve symptoms. Exercising and proper resting plays a vital role in the treatment. Regular exercising maintains joint flexibility, muscle strength, and functioning, which can be enhanced by certain steroids.


Proper nutrition, rest after an activity, and following medication prescriptions are vital for managing the illness. Afterward, one can resume their normal activities once they get well. It is recommended to buy steroids according to the doctor’s prescription.

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