Among the new trends in weight loss emerged in recent times there is undoubtedly the fast diet . The ideas of this peculiar diet were sustained and explained in a book of the same name by journalists Michael Mosley (who also has medical training) and Mimi Spencer, also a journalist. But what does the Michael Mosley fast diet consist of ? Translated from English, it means fast diet, and essentially states that you can lose weight by performing a specific type of fasting.
A caloric restriction is established for two days a week (non-consecutive, this is the important thing) followed by the rest of the days when it is possible to eat without restrictions. It must be said that although the authors state that this type of fasting also has beneficial effects on the body, this is not supported by scientific evidence. In any case, many agree that this diet allows you to lose 10 kg . The authors assume that man has not historically been able to make a large number of meals a day (it is clearly spoken of the man of western societies), and that as a result the body is used to spending long periods without eating nothing.
In this light, to remain without food for short periods of time would trigger in our body a genetic reparative memory of the body for which the fast diet would not only be a diet to lose 10 kg but would also be useful to have a healthier body, with effects positive for aging, diabetes and insulin and blood sugar levels.
Intermittent diet, how it works
When we fast, our body must draw on the energy reserves that we have memorized in a process that the authors call autophagy, so our internal defense mechanisms, given the lack of food, warn and destroy the older cells, therefore the beneficial effect of this fasting would be the survival of younger and more active cells.
Fast diet, benefits
The intermittent interruption of our diet leads us to consume mainly the glucose present in our blood. Since we do not replace it with more food, the body resorts to looking for it in other places where we can store it like muscles and liver. When there are no carbohydrate reserves, start with the fat reserves. In this way, in a few weeks it would be able to: lower the percentage of body fat, reduce the abdominal perimeter, lower blood pressure, lower blood glucose levels, reduce cholesterol levels. But not only. In theory, this system is a powerful antioxidant and prevents diseases like cancer or diabetes.
How much and how do you eat in the fast diet?
The theory states that you lose half a kilogram every day of fasting. This diet specifies that in the two days dedicated to fasting, the caloric consumption must be very low. In men about 600 calories and in the case of women 500 calories. The days in which fasting is practiced are those in which you have to eat foods that satiate, mainly proteins and, secondly, carbohydrates.
Intermittent fasting, example
One type of fast diet menu could be like that and should only include two meals: 300-calorie breakfast with two eggs (eg scrambled eggs), ham with a glass of water and a cup of coffee or tea (green in this case ); lunch or dinner (one of only two) of 200-300 calories with steak or grilled fish with side vegetables.
Fast diet, contraindications
There is still medical uncertainty, because there is not enough empirical evidence to support the benefit thesis. In fact, medium-long term risks are unknown, while among the possible side effects there can be problems of sleep, respiration, irritability, anxiety, dehydration, daytime sleepiness.